World Government Bonds - Current Spreads

The yield spread, often simply referred to as the "Spread", represents the difference between the yields of two different bonds. When comparing government bonds from different countries, the yield spread is also known as the credit spread. This spread provides crucial insights into the relative creditworthiness and economic stability of the issuing countries.

The yield spread reflects differences in credit quality between countries. Bonds issued by countries with higher credit ratings are generally considered lower risk and therefore offer lower yields. Conversely, bonds from countries with lower credit ratings are perceived as higher risk and must offer higher yields to attract investors. The spread between these yields is a direct measure of the market's assessment of the relative risk of the two countries.

A positive spread indicates that the yield, or percentage yearly return, of one bond is higher than that of another. For example, if Country A's government bond yields 5% and Country B's government bond yields 3%, the spread is 2%, or 200 basis points (bp). This positive spread suggests that investors demand a higher return to compensate for the perceived higher risk associated with Country A compared to Country B.

Conversely, a negative spread would indicate that the yield on Country B's bond is higher than that on Country A's bond, which could occur if investors perceive Country B to be riskier.

Updated Spreads

The table below provides a comprehensive summary of the latest government bond spreads, highlighting the differences in yields across various countries. Last Update: 13 Jun 2024 5:23 GMT+0

Swipe left to see all data
Spread vs
Country 10Y Yield Ger Usa Chi Aus
Switzerland 0.800% -173.3 bp -352.7 bp -151.3 bp -345.4 bp
Japan 0.964% -156.9 bp -336.3 bp -134.9 bp -329.0 bp
Taiwan 1.605% -92.8 bp -272.2 bp -70.8 bp -264.9 bp
Sweden 2.214% -31.9 bp -211.3 bp -9.9 bp -204.0 bp
China 2.313% -22.0 bp -201.4 bp 0 bp -194.1 bp
Germany 2.533% 0 bp -179.4 bp 22.0 bp -172.1 bp
Denmark 2.575% 4.2 bp -175.2 bp 26.2 bp -167.9 bp
Thailand 2.789% 25.6 bp -153.8 bp 47.6 bp -146.5 bp
Vietnam 2.832% 29.9 bp -149.5 bp 51.9 bp -142.2 bp
Netherlands 2.869% 33.6 bp -145.8 bp 55.6 bp -138.5 bp
Ireland 2.983% 45.0 bp -134.4 bp 67.0 bp -127.1 bp
Finland 3.073% 54.0 bp -125.4 bp 76.0 bp -118.1 bp
Austria 3.089% 55.6 bp -123.8 bp 77.6 bp -116.5 bp
Belgium 3.149% 61.6 bp -117.8 bp 83.6 bp -110.5 bp
France 3.159% 62.6 bp -116.8 bp 84.6 bp -109.5 bp
Slovenia 3.159% 62.6 bp -116.8 bp 84.6 bp -109.5 bp
Portugal 3.216% 68.3 bp -111.1 bp 90.3 bp -103.8 bp
Singapore 3.237% 70.4 bp -109.0 bp 92.4 bp -101.7 bp
Cyprus 3.328% 79.5 bp -99.9 bp 101.5 bp -92.6 bp
South Korea 3.337% 80.4 bp -99.0 bp 102.4 bp -91.7 bp
Spain 3.397% 86.4 bp -93.0 bp 108.4 bp -85.7 bp
Canada 3.418% 88.5 bp -90.9 bp 110.5 bp -83.6 bp
Jordan (*) 3.548% 101.5 bp -77.9 bp 123.5 bp -70.6 bp
Norway 3.557% 102.4 bp -77.0 bp 124.4 bp -69.7 bp
Hong Kong 3.583% 105.0 bp -74.4 bp 127.0 bp -67.1 bp
Slovakia 3.595% 106.2 bp -73.2 bp 128.2 bp -65.9 bp
Malta 3.641% 110.8 bp -68.6 bp 132.8 bp -61.3 bp
Greece 3.655% 112.2 bp -67.2 bp 134.2 bp -59.9 bp
Lithuania 3.724% 119.1 bp -60.3 bp 141.1 bp -53.0 bp
Morocco 3.728% 119.5 bp -59.9 bp 141.5 bp -52.6 bp
Malaysia 3.888% 135.5 bp -43.9 bp 157.5 bp -36.6 bp
Italy 3.997% 146.4 bp -33.0 bp 168.4 bp -25.7 bp
Bulgaria 4.041% 150.8 bp -28.6 bp 172.8 bp -21.3 bp
United Kingdom 4.118% 158.5 bp -20.9 bp 180.5 bp -13.6 bp
Czech Republic 4.249% 171.6 bp -7.8 bp 193.6 bp -0.5 bp
Australia 4.254% 172.1 bp -7.3 bp 194.1 bp 0 bp
United States 4.327% 179.4 bp 0 bp 201.4 bp 7.3 bp
New Zealand 4.723% 219.0 bp 39.6 bp 241.0 bp 46.9 bp
Qatar (*) 4.939% 240.6 bp 61.2 bp 262.6 bp 68.5 bp
Israel 5.002% 246.9 bp 67.5 bp 268.9 bp 74.8 bp
Mauritius 5.190% 265.7 bp 86.3 bp 287.7 bp 93.6 bp
Poland 5.671% 313.8 bp 134.4 bp 335.8 bp 141.7 bp
Chile 5.940% 340.7 bp 161.3 bp 362.7 bp 168.6 bp
Serbia 5.975% 344.2 bp 164.8 bp 366.2 bp 172.1 bp
Bahrain (*) 6.020% 348.7 bp 169.3 bp 370.7 bp 176.6 bp
Botswana (*) 6.624% 409.1 bp 229.7 bp 431.1 bp 237.0 bp
Philippines 6.834% 430.1 bp 250.7 bp 452.1 bp 258.0 bp
Hungary 6.870% 433.7 bp 254.3 bp 455.7 bp 261.6 bp
Romania 6.880% 434.7 bp 255.3 bp 456.7 bp 262.6 bp
Iceland 6.924% 439.1 bp 259.7 bp 461.1 bp 267.0 bp
India 6.998% 446.5 bp 267.1 bp 468.5 bp 274.4 bp
Perù 7.021% 448.8 bp 269.4 bp 470.8 bp 276.7 bp
Indonesia 7.072% 453.9 bp 274.5 bp 475.9 bp 281.8 bp
South Africa 10.425% 789.2 bp 609.8 bp 811.2 bp 617.1 bp
Colombia 10.620% 808.7 bp 629.3 bp 830.7 bp 636.6 bp
Mexico 10.741% 820.8 bp 641.4 bp 842.8 bp 648.7 bp
Namibia 10.994% 846.1 bp 666.7 bp 868.1 bp 674.0 bp
Brazil 12.105% 957.2 bp 777.8 bp 979.2 bp 785.1 bp
Bangladesh 12.890% 1035.7 bp 856.3 bp 1057.7 bp 863.6 bp
Sri Lanka 13.116% 1058.3 bp 878.9 bp 1080.3 bp 886.2 bp
Pakistan 14.478% 1194.5 bp 1015.1 bp 1216.5 bp 1022.4 bp
Russia 14.970% 1243.7 bp 1064.3 bp 1265.7 bp 1071.6 bp
Ukraine (*) 15.695% 1316.2 bp 1136.8 bp 1338.2 bp 1144.1 bp
Uganda 17.076% 1454.3 bp 1274.9 bp 1476.3 bp 1282.2 bp
Kenya 17.465% 1493.2 bp 1313.8 bp 1515.2 bp 1321.1 bp
Nigeria 19.621% 1708.8 bp 1529.4 bp 1730.8 bp 1536.7 bp
Zambia 25.020% 2248.7 bp 2069.3 bp 2270.7 bp 2076.6 bp
Egypt 25.627% 2309.4 bp 2130.0 bp 2331.4 bp 2137.3 bp
Turkey 28.635% 2610.2 bp 2430.8 bp 2632.2 bp 2438.1 bp

(*) The 10Y Bond Yield is not derived from the market. Its value is calculated according to the yields of other available durations.

Factors Influencing the Spread

Several factors influence the yield spread between government bonds:

  • Credit Ratings: Credit rating agencies assess the creditworthiness of countries and assign ratings accordingly. Countries with higher ratings are seen as safer bets, resulting in lower yields compared to countries with lower ratings, which have to offer higher yields.
  • Economic Conditions: Differences in economic growth rates, inflation, and fiscal policies can impact bond yields. Strong economic performance typically leads to lower yields, while economic challenges can push yields higher.
  • Political Stability: Political uncertainty or instability can increase the risk perceived by investors, leading to higher yields. Conversely, stable political environments tend to result in lower yields.
  • Monetary Policy: Central bank policies, such as interest rate changes, can affect bond yields. If a central bank is expected to raise rates, yields on that country’s bonds might increase.
  • Market Sentiment: Investor sentiment and risk appetite also play a role. In times of global uncertainty, investors might prefer bonds from countries considered safe havens, which can affect spreads.

Conclusion

For investors, the yield spread is a critical tool for comparing the relative attractiveness of bonds from different countries. A wider spread might indicate a higher risk but also a potentially higher return. Investors must balance their risk tolerance with their return expectations when deciding where to allocate their capital.

For policymakers, understanding the yield spread can help in assessing how the market views their country’s economic and fiscal policies. A widening spread might signal declining confidence in a country's economic management, prompting a review of policies to restore investor confidence.

The yield spread between government bonds of different countries is a vital indicator of relative credit risk, economic conditions, and investor sentiment. It provides valuable insights for both investors making portfolio decisions and policymakers shaping economic strategies. By closely monitoring yield spreads, stakeholders can better understand and navigate the complexities of the global bond market.